Background information for students
Alan Fraser Fry was born in Sydney in 1895. He enlisted in December 1914 and left Australia in February 1915 with the 13th Battalion on board the transport "Seang Bee". He remained in Egypt in hospital with influenza and malaria while the Battalion went on to Gallipoli. He was invalided back to Australia and returned to Egypt with the 10th reinforcements, 13th Battalion in late 1915. Alan Fry reached France in June 1916; he was wounded on the 13 August and died the following day at the South Midland Clearing Station, Warloy.
Dene Barrett Fry was born in Sydney in 1893. A keen amateur naturalist since boyhood, he joined the Australian Museum as a cadet in 1908 and studied zoology at Sydney Technical College; he was a member of the Linnean Society of NSW and the Australasian Ornithologists' Union. He left the Museum in 1914 to study science at Sydney University and was appointed Junior Demonstrator in Zoology in 1915, but left the University in May to enlist with the Australian Imperial Forces. After one voyage to England and Egypt with the Army Medical Corps he transferred to the Infantry in 1916. He trained at Liverpool and Duntroon and left Sydney in August 1916 with the reinforcements to the 3rd Battalion on board the transport "Wiltshire". Dene Fry was killed in action at Hermies, France, 9 April 1917.
Their much younger brother James Rollo Fry (known by his family as Rollo and, later, Bill) would join the RAAF in World War II and on the 13 June 1944, returning from a bombing raid in Germany, Bill Fry and all the crew were killed when their aircraft was shot down over Holland.
Use the sources provided, your own knowledge and other sources to answer the following questions.
- What do we know about Alan and Dene Fry from this collection of sources?
- What was the attitude of the Fry brothers to joining the armed forces?
- Did their attitude change during the course of the war?
- How do you think the Fry brothers will be remembered by their family and friends?
The Making of the Modern World
Depth Study 3 Australians at War:World Wars I and II (1914-1918, 1939-1945)
The making of the modern world from 1750 to 1918. It was a period of industrialisation and rapid change in the ways people lived, worked and thought. It was an era of nationalism and imperialism, and the colonisation of Australia was part of the expansion of European power. The period culminated in World War I (1914 - 1918) and World War II (1939 - 1945)
An overview of the causes of the wars, why men enlisted and where Australians fought (ACDSEH021, ACDSEH095, ACDSEH024)
- explain why Australians enlisted to fight in both wars
Significant events and the experiences of Australians at war (ACDSEH108) using sources, students investigate the following features of each war:
- a specific campaign, eg the Western Front 1916 and the New Guinea campaign 1942
- a specific event/incident, eg the Battle of Hamel 1918 and the Fall of Singapore 1942
Significance of the wars to Australia (ACDSEH110)
- explain the impact of the wars on returned soldiers/civilians
HT5-5 identifies and evaluates the usefulness of sources in the historical inquiry process
HT5-7 explains different contexts, perspectives and interpretations of the modern world and Australia
HT5-9 applies a range of relevant historical terms and concepts when communicating an understanding of the past
HT5-10 selects and uses appropriate oral, written, visual and digital forms to communicate effectively about the past for different audiences
|Comprehension: chronology, terms and concepts
Analysis and use of sources
Perspectives and interpretations
Explanation and communication
|Cause and effect
LEARNING ACROSS THE CURRICULUM